Federal student loans are low-income loans provided directly from the U.S. Department of Education for college students in order to help in covering tuition costs. The loans are offered through Federal Direct Loan Program.
It’s necessary to point out, sooner than the summer of 2010 federal student loans were available through Family Education Loan Program. The procedure how this program worked is minimal, third-party lenders (e.g. Sallie Mae) offered federal student loans for eligible borrowers using funding by the government.
Sadly, this program was suspended because the government decided that there is no necessity in it. Student funding in the form of federal loans is available directly by the federal government. Only students and the U.S. Department of Education are two participants and there are no intermediate companies involved.
Education loans from the federal government are designed for different categories of borrowers. The loans are available in three variations: PLUS, Stafford and Perkins loans. Each loan type is comparable with others but is different at the same time.
Perkins loans are typically awarded for students from poor families. “Neediness” is meaning that students do have financial need. Families of such students just don’t have high income and could not pay for school themselves. So, it’s the chance to apply for Perkins loans and qualify. However not all college students receive money since the number of students is limited. To apply, fill out correctly and then submit the FAFSA form. There are two ways of doing it: using web and by printing and sending via mail.
The Stafford loans is number one loan of all three varieties by popularity. It’s easy to qualify for this loan and nowadays more and more people prove it. There are 2 subtypes:: Subsidized and unsubsidized.
Subsidized Stafford loans are for borrowers who have need. This type of loan is comparable with Perkins loans. The dissimilarity is that Perkins loans are for students with significant financial need. But the term “subsidized” the government means that it pays the interest for a borrower. As a result, a borrower owes only the key sum he must pay back. In other words, there is no interest paying involved.
Unsubsidized Stafford loans are presented for student apart from financial need and very nearly each and every one students qualify. However the government does not “subsidize” this loan by paying the interest. In this case, a student has to pay the loan plus the interest that can accrue.
PLUS loans are available for graduate students and parents of dependent students. PLUS loans are different from other two variations and the major difference is that they are based on credit-worthiness. The imperative step is to show that you have no adverse credit history. This type of federal student aid is dealing with credit-based criteria. It means that a borrower must have first-rate credit history or a credit worthy cosigner. A student could not qualify if he doesn’t meet requirements. This type of federal loans is not cared about financial need of borrowers. It doesn’t if a borrower has low-income or financial troubles. Only a borrower is responsible for it. As a result, a quantity of risk involved.
In the end it’s necessary to point out that there are major categories of federal financial aid: Stafford, Perkins and PLUS loans. Qualifying for these loans and receiving money you need depends on awareness. Become an professional in federal loans and only after having the strategy – apply.