As we know that the history of HRM may be regarded as the history of classification. Initially, the dual objectives of external control and mechanistic internal management practices, derived from the application of management science and hierarchical control, mean that positions were what were classified and the field was named position classification. Viewed in this context, position classification is process of categorizing positions according to occupation or level of responsibility. The means that all positions are grouped with in a matrix, or classified, based on the work performed and the level of responsibility required.
In Correspondence MBA course position classification follows logically from job analysis, for it assumes that each position can be logically placed both vertically and horizontally within a lattice. Tradition correspondence or distance learning MBA courses classified positions on the base of only position management, for it means that a standardized description can be written for an entire group of classes for students. We learn in the correspondence MBA course about classification in details. In this course we know that position classification follows logically from job analysis, for it assumes that each position can be logically placed in the company. While distance learning MBA course tells us that the information used in analyzing a job for the purposes of developing a job description and job specifications, forms the basis of a job evaluation. The purpose of job evaluation for an MBA professional is to determine the worth of the job or position rather that the value of the work or quality of a person’s performance.
Several methods of job evaluation have been used. In correspondence MBA course a student also get information about the goals and objectives of an organization are achieved through the specific jobs performed by the members of that organization. The design of an employee’s job has proved to have various effects on the individual’s performance. Job design that enriches work environment by providing variety in the work responsibility, autonomy, and the ability to complete a whole piece of work have been proved to have positive effects on an employee’s motivation, satisfaction and performance. This course also describes about organizational perspectives, classification of groups, a group behavior model, group functions, decision- making and ethics and rules to protect decision quality and acceptance. According to executive MBA course a group may be defined as two or more individuals, independent and interacting, who act together to achieve particular goals and objectives. Groups can be either formal or informal.