SCORM is an acronym that stands for Sharable Content Object Reference Model, a set of rules for public and private on-line learning forums. SCORM determines the type, frequency, and timing of communications, and the exchange of files between the end client, or student, and the host, or on-line learning institute, represented by the course instructor.
SCORM was developed as part of the Advanced Distributed Learning, or ADL, Initiative, overseen by the U.S. Department of Defense. The goal of the ADL Initiative is to streamline and standardize e-learning throughout the U.S. at public and private on-line education institutes. History and Conformance: Testing of this model began in the mid-1990s. By 1999, an executive order was passed placing the Department of Defense in charge of developing specific e-learning guidelines. The Department of Defense ruled in 2003 that all e-learning entities under its aegis should comply with the protocols. In 2006, the Department of Defense released an official Department of Defense Instruction requiring the implementation of SCORM within the agency itself. By the end of the decade, more than 300 e-learning products had been certified by the Advanced Distributed Learning Initiative, and nearly 350 other products had been recognized as being compliant with SCORM.